Gwalior Fort, Gwalior

Chini Ka Rauza, Agra


Lodhi Gardens, New Delhi

Glazes were used extensively on tiles that were a conspicuous embellishment of the forts and palaces of the Rajput Kings. During the period of the Delhi Sultanate, decorating monuments with glazed tiles became a prominent feature of the architecture. The style of tile decoration was distinctly Persian. Though much of this exquisite work has been lost over a period of time, some of it can still be seen, on the Lodi Tombs and the main gateway of the Purana Qila in Delhi and on the Gwalior Fort.

During the sixteenth century, the beginning of Mughal rule in India, there is some tile work on Isa Khan's tomb, and the Arab ki Sarai Gate near Humayuns tomb in Delhi. Glazed tile work seems to have declined during the Mughal era.

Around this time another style of decoration was practiced, that of inlaid glazed tile work. Here the tiles are cut in the shapes of the pattern. They are not moulded in relief, they are all flat pieces, the glaze is applied and they are fired in the usual way. They are then cemented into the building more or less like mosaic work. Chini Ka Roza in Agra is the only example of this technique, in India. Extensively vandalized it is now under the protection of the Archaeological Survey of India. In spite of its earlier destruction the work on its facade, which is of exquisite quality, can still be seen on the upper levels of the tomb.